The role of power when forging the declaration of independents and the american identity
It contended that "all men are created equal" with "certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness", and that "to secure these rights governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed ", as well as listing the main colonial grievances against the crown.
When the first colonies were chartered in the 17th century, the majority adopted some sort of political institution that gave voting rights to each and every man. The American Revolution and many of the events to follow was a culmination of many of the ideas of the Enlightenment. These Loyalists were kept under close watch by standing Committees of Safety created by the Provincial Congresses.
He transformed Washington's army into a disciplined and effective force.
Parliament passed the Stamp Act in , the proud colonists felt insulted that the British government would bypass their own colonial system of taxation. As news spread, local shadow governments called " committees of correspondence " in each of the 13 colonies drove out royal officials and sent militiamen to Boston to besiege the British there. Beeman, the John Welsh Centennial Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania, is adept at offering the reader colorful scenes that capture the physical overlaps during the period between local, colonial power on one hand, and growing congressional power on the other. A significant victory at the Battle of Camden meant that the invaders soon controlled most of Georgia and South Carolina. The British set up a network of forts inland, hoping the Loyalists would rally to the flag. Colonists had embraced a new identity that helped fuel their resistance against Britain. This significant document was written by Thomas Jefferson who wrote about the unalienable rights about the colonists and listed the tyrannic deeds done by King George III to the colonists. The unwritten rule was such people could remain silent, but vocal or financial or military support for the King would not be tolerated. Furthermore, he permanently established the principle of civilian supremacy in military affairs by voluntarily resigning his commission and disbanding his army when the war was won, rather than declaring himself monarch. Said one British officer: The courage and obstinacy with which the Americans fought were the astonishment of everyone, and we now became fully convinced that they are not that contemptible enemy we had hitherto imagined them, incapable of standing a regular engagement, and that they would only fight behind strong and powerful works. As Prof. Organizations that were meant to be unifying factors for the colonists, like the Continental Congress, were little more than debating clubs that had to work for weeks before agreeing on anything. Only with the separation of Great Britain through the Declaration of Independence could the colonies develop their own identity as a citizen of the United States rather than a british colonist. Why would the proud colonists listen to an assembly miles away, when they had their own representative assemblies that spoke for their interests? The drafting of the Declaration was the responsibility of a Committee of Five , which included, among others, John Adams and Benjamin Franklin ; it was drafted by Thomas Jefferson and revised by the others and the Congress as a whole.
Washington worked hard to develop a successful espionage system to detect British locations and plans. The Founding Fathers represented a cross-section of Patriot leadership.
It is precisely this question that colonists were asking on the eve of the Revolution. The three topics of independence, democracy, and the concept of basic human rights that forged a unique American identity are illustrated through the Declaration of Independence.
based on 71 review