After leading the first expedition, Sam Freeman did not return and Reg Beazley became party leader of the second expedition, with Pontey Seale mining engineer, Bill MacGregor and Beazley prospectors and recruiters, and Ernie Shepherd in charge of transport and supplies, prospecting when opportunity arose.
Kula exchange expeditions and give away yam harvests at the annual yam festival gain authority and privilege, and a chief may have many wives and expect commoners to bow in his presence.
Seale presented two wigs to the National Museum Canberra in While land normally passes from father or mother's brother to children or nieces and nephews, the intended recipients provide much assistance and gifts to the "owners" before the land passes to their care.
Tourists buy replicas or actual artifacts in local markets and several shops in Port Moresby.
Towns were small, and homes and nonresidential structures were simple one-story buildings. Archaeological evidence indicates that humans arrived on New Guinea perhaps 60, years ago, although this is under debate.
Many people possess a knowledge of sorcery or witchcraft.