Health factors impede child development
It is also concerned with building the child up mentally, intellectually, emotionally, and socially so they operate as healthy functional individuals in the society. However, girls with high androgen levels typically exhibit more gender-stereotypic male traits than do girls who have normal androgen levels.
Factors affecting child growth and development
Language comprehension scores were significantly higher in infants that were exclusively breast-fed than those formula-fed or combined breast-fed and formula-fed. Heredity Heredity is the transmission of physical characteristics from parents to children through their genes. This includes ensuring that your child gets enough rest every day, because his development is heavily dependent on the amount of sleep he gets. Therefore, any lesson that is taught has to be repeated until the right results are obtained. How Are Growth and Development Defined? These principles explain typical development as a predictable and orderly process. These factors influence a child both in positive ways that can enhance their development and in negative ways that can compromise developmental outcomes. Exercise also keeps them healthy and fights off diseases by strengthening the immune system, especially if they play outside. The mothers were asked to complete the questionnaires at home and return them by post.
These children may end up as individuals who have poor social skills and difficulty bonding with other people as adults. Results Of the 1, self-administered questionnaires that were distributed to mothers, completed questionnaires on mother—child pairs response rate On the other hand, overeating can lead to obesity and health problems in the long run, such as diabetes and heart disease.
However, the 23rd pair of chromosomes is what determines the gender of an individual.
Socioeconomic: Socioeconomic factors definitely have some affect. Sleep Ensuring that your child gets an adequate amount of sleep is an easy way to ensure his proper development and keep him healthy and happy.
Biological factors that affect child development
The most positive growth is seen when families invest time, energy and love in the development of the child through activities, such as reading to them, playing with them and having deep meaningful conversations. After exclusion, data from mother—child pairs were analyzed. Boys typically have one X chromosome and one Y chromosome while girls have two X chromosomes. Environment The environment plays a critical role in the development of children and it represents the sum total of physical and psychological stimulation the child receives. Presence of Toxic Substances If your child is exposed to toxic substances during youth, he may suffer from developmental or health deficiencies as a result. Other factors like zinc, Iodine, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins are also essential for proper growth and deficiency of anyone can affect the normal growth and development of the body. However, environmental factors and nurturing can bring the best out of the already present qualities in the genes. Materials and methods Between July and August , we distributed 1, self-administered questionnaires to consenting mothers living in Hiroshima prefecture, Japan, whose infants had undergone the 4-month-old infant health checkup. Boys typically produce more androgens male sex hormones , while females produce estrogens female sex hormones. Physical growth of girls in teens is faster than boys. In contrast, in developed countries, preterm delivery, low birth weight LBW , maternal depression [ 7 ], and mother—infant interactions [ 8 ], such as an inadequate parenting attitude and lack of affection for the infant, have been reported to affect child development. Diseases and conditions such as heart disease, diabetes , obesity , etc. Whether they are raised by their parents, grandparents or foster care, they need basic love, care and courtesy to develop as healthy functional individuals. Email Address There was an error. It is easy to understand that a well-nurtured child does better than a deprived one; the environment children are constantly immersed in contributes to this.
Pollution: According to studies, air pollution not only affects the respiratory organs but also have harmful effects on human growth.
based on 117 review