Factors that make people obey or
Examples of obedience to authority in history
Burger's method was identical to Milgram's except when the shocks reached volts, participants decided whether or not they wanted to continue and then the experiment ended base condition. Group size also influenced levels of conformity such that smaller groups resulted in less conformity than larger groups. A boss will have more influence on an employee who has no other job prospects than on one who is being sought after by other corporations, and expensive presents will be more effective in persuading those who cannot buy the items with their own money. Is it somewhere your consider to be your territory? Groups must be cohesive, insulated, lack an impartial leader, and homogenous, as well as be in a provocative, high stress situation, in order for groupthink to occur. Since Anna has now ingratiated herself with Anthony, he is more likely to comply with her request. Interestingly enough, actual physical closeness or physical proximity can also influence it. There are two major motivators to conformity: normative influence and informational influence. British Journal of Social Psychology, 45 1 , 1— Cronshaw, S. However, on the second day, the prisoners tried to rebel against the guards. This was suggested by a study where participants were told that their responses would be used in the design of aircraft safety signals, and conformity decreased. Meeus, W. Additionally, Burger found that both genders exhibited similar behavior, suggesting that obedience will occur in participants independent of gender. The extreme ideas seem less risky as it appears the view is held by numerous like-minded people.
The rates of obedience were very similar to those found in the Milgram study, showing that participants' tendency to obey has not declined over time. In other cases they may rely on well-reasoned technical arguments or inspirational appeals, making use of legitimate, referent, or expert power, with the goal of creating private acceptance and leading their followers to achieve.
The participants were less likely to shock the Learner if the intergroup identity was less clear; for example, if the Experimenter left the room it didn't feel as if they were part of his group. Although these people did not have much reward or coercive power, they were nevertheless perceived as good and respected citizens of the United States. It is generally distinguished from obedience behavior influenced by authority figures and conformity behavior intended to match that of a social majority. And while this institutional authority can be physical, it can also be symbolic. Are they also obeying or are they encouraging you to rebel? Coercion is usually more difficult to use, since it often requires energy to keep the person from avoiding the punishment by leaving the situation altogether. This is an example of Psychology changing over time. Learning Objectives Explain how the Milgram and Stanford Prison experiments informed our understanding of human obedience Key Takeaways Key Points Obedience is generally distinguished from compliance behavior influenced by peers and conformity behavior intended to match that of the majority. These results demonstrate that participants were willing to obey an authority figure and administer extremely harmful and potentially lethal shocks. This is a drop, but not as big as in Variation 7.
The Breakfast Club - more psychology in this film than most Psychology lessons Schools use psychology to bring about obedience. In other cases, however, the person with referent power such as the leader of a cult may make full use of his or her status as the target of identification or respect to produce change.
Examples of obedience in society
Is it a prestigious location that impresses you? Still another approach to understanding leadership is based on the extent to which a group member embodies the norms of the group. In the ensuing days, the guards denied the prisoners food, water, and sleep; shot them with fire-extinguisher spray; threw their blankets into the dirt; forced them to clean toilet bowls with their bare hands; and stripped them naked. Although these people did not have much reward or coercive power, they were nevertheless perceived as good and respected citizens of the United States. A simplistic response at the time was that "the Germans are different! Learning Objectives Explain how certain motivators and factors may influence conformity Key Takeaways Key Points The two major motives in conformity are: 1 normative influence, or the tendency to conform in order to gain social acceptance; and 2 informational influence, which is based on the desire to obtain useful information through conformity and achieve a correct or appropriate result. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, — Things like the Holocaust aren't down to a flaw in anyone's personality. There are also a number of internal factors that can influence how likely we are to conform. This relates to the idea of depersonalization, when the learner or victim is made to seem less human, possibly through stereotypes or prejudices, people are less likely to object to acting against them. Raven, B. Learning Objectives Explain how certain strategies and group attributes may influence compliance Key Takeaways Key Points Social psychologists view compliance as a means of social influence used to reach goals or attain social or personal gains. We have to acknowledge it.
Milgram experiment setup: Illustration of the setup of a Milgram experiment. And what they found was that even one defector can influence how likely an individual is to comply.
Factors that make people obey or
Reward Power Reward power occurs when one person is able to influence others by providing them with positive outcomes. Sherif suggested this was a reflection of how social norms develop in larger society. The cruelty of the "guards" and the consequent stress of the "prisoners," forced Zimbardo to terminate the experiment prematurely, after 6 days. These results demonstrate that participants were willing to obey an authority figure and administer extremely harmful and potentially lethal shocks. Asch repeated this experiment with different experimental variables and identified several factors that influence conformity. Interestingly, one of the actual guard participants disagrees with Zimbardo's assessment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, — And it's usually done in order to avoid negative consequences associated with disobeying. Charismatic leaders can promote prejudice and discrimination or they can oppose it. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80 2 , — Public Opinion Quarterly, 25, 57— But note that this didn't stop everyone. Accepted, not yet published.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, — He assigned each of the subjects to the role of teacher. There is currently no universal description of what constitutes a group, though research has identified a few common requirements that contribute to recognition of a group: Interdependence—Individual members must depend, to some degree, on the output of the collective members.
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