Compare counselling theories

In the person-centred approach, it is a personal process for the client of being in a warm relationship but in psychodynamic counselling, the counsellor is a blank slate on which the client can project feelings.

Comparing person based therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy

London: Routledge Timulak R. Unlike psychodynamic theory, therapy based on cognitive theory is brief in nature and oriented toward problem solving. In addition to this, the client is encouraged by the therapist to change these assumptions and identify an unconventional concept for the present and future living Timulak, If they had indeed been sexually abused, their stories were now discounted, as were those of future patients on the couch. The technique is important in the relationship between the client and the therapist because it is disciplined, methodical and normally focuses on critical principles, matters and problems. In the person-centred approach, change occurs with the core conditions of empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard being in place. The cognitive behavioural approach is based upon the theoretical rationale that the way in which we feel and behave is determined by how we perceive and structure our experience. The therapist in this approach questions the client to find out the reality of things, to open up matters together with problems, to reveal presumptions and beliefs and to find out what they know and what they do not know, as well as following out rational meanings of thought and managing the discussion Burkitt, Branaman, A. For instance, interactive computerized cognitive behavioural therapy is on the rise, however, it can be given in groups or in the self-help books. Therapy includes free association, the analysis of resistance and transference, dream analysis and interpretation and is usually long term.

Freud is regarded as the founder of modern psychology, developing psychoanalysis. Some individuals feel like this is a focus that is too narrow, and disregards too many significant matters such as family, histories of self and extensive emotional issues Moon, Oxford: Blackwell.

approaches to counselling slideshare

This will provide an insight in to why task-centred methods were introduced. Weaknesses of person-centred therapy The fact that the approach is client-led is one of its biggest weaknesses since it is up to the patient to be in a position of processing information and making rational decisions for their personal well-being.

In this kind of relationship, the therapist uses directive structures in directing clients on the changes in behaviour.

counseling theories chart

However, patients that appear to be less easy or contented with any of these, or even whose suffering is of a more common interpersonal nature, to an extent that it cannot be in a position of easily being framed as an interplay or interaction between behaviours, thoughts and emotions within a particular environment might find this kind of therapy useful to them and their conditions.

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Compare and Contrast Psychodynamic Theory and Person